By Jeff Garrett for Numismatic Guaranty Corporation….
The market has become nearly obsessed with eye appeal and quality.
The rare coin market evolves over time and many series come and go out of fashion. In the 1960s, BU Rolls and Proof Sets were all the rage. In the 1980s, generic gold coins dominated the interests of many collectors and dealers. The 1990s and onward seemed to focus progressively more towards rarity. This has culminated in an extreme explosion in price at the very top end of the market. Multi-million dollar coin sales are not the headline grabbing news they once were.
This has left nearly everyone wondering what the next predominant trend will be in the rare coin market. This has been a confusing prospect lately as the market seems to be sending a barrage of mixed messages. When a classic, old time collection of fresh material is offered to the market, the chances are there will be new auction records set. This is contrasted sharply by the disappointing sales results seen for many coins in just about any sale in recent months.
Many of my fellow professionals discuss the market for rare coins on a regular basis. It’s our jobs and it’s in our best interest to understand what is in demand. If we buy coins offered solely on price without regards for demand, our working capital will be quickly depleted. This is not as unusual as you may think. There are plenty of dealers and collectors holding coins which would be hard to sell and would only be salable at sharp discounts.
What’s going on you may ask? Most professionals in the know can tell you that the current market is focused on one thing: quality. The market has become nearly obsessed with eye-appeal and quality. You can have a dozen Proof Morgan Dollars in your showcase and if the coins are unattractive, they will sit there with little interest from dealers or collectors. A coin with great color and crisp surfaces will fly off the shelf. There is much more emphases on quality than on price.
This phenomena is probably the result of a collector-based market that seems to be in control at the moment. Collectors in general are much more discriminating than investors. Investors do not understand the subtle differences in coins of the same grade. They are more interested in whatever seems hot or will flood into the market based on what large marketing companies are promoting. In my opinion, collectors in the last few years have become much more sophisticated and demand quality with less regard to price. This can be seen in many of the auction results reported lately.
The drive for quality has been unfolding for several years. NGC recognized the need to note extraordinary quality when they introduced the Star Designation for coins with exceptional eye-appeal. Later, the Plus Designation was introduced for coins that were above average for the grade, but not quite at the next level. A coin that has been graded with the designation is probably the ultimate premium quality coin. These coins are currently in high demand and prices collectors are willing to pay for them usually exceed most expectations.
For years most numismatic professionals have preached the virtues of buying the best quality you can afford. This advice has paid off handsomely for those who choose to be a fussy collector. Currently, however, the price premium for above average coins is historically high. I still think collectors should pay careful attention to quality, but avoid paying astronomical premiums that some coins seem to be selling for at the moment. There are many bargains to be had for nice coins that others have not deemed to be extraordinary.
The hardest thing for most collectors to understand is what great eye appeal really means.
This is truly subjective and what seems great to one person may seem average to another. Add the additional complication that some prefer frosty white coins while others insist on original toning. If you are a serious collector, you owe it to yourself to understand the subtleties of eye appeal. You should examine auction lots and dealer inventories. You may also consider taking one of the advanced grading class offered by the American Numismatic Association.
Numismatic education is also an important part of being a successful collector. The markets emphasis on quality now demands that you learn as much as possible about the series you collect. In the long run you will be well rewarded.
Questions about the rare coin market? Send them to [email protected]
About Jeff Garrett
Jeff Garrett, founder of Mid-American Rare Coin Galleries, is considered one of the nation’s top experts in U.S. coinage — and knowledge lies at the foundation of Jeff’s numismatic career. With more than 35 years of experience, he is one of the top experts in numismatics. The “experts’ expert,” Jeff has personally bought and sold nearly every U.S. coin ever issued. Not a day goes by that someone doesn’t call on Jeff Garrett for numismatic advice. This includes many of the nation’s largest coin dealers, publishers, museums and institutions.
In addition to owning and operating Mid-American Rare Coin Galleries, Jeff Garrett is a major shareholder in Sarasota Rare Coin Galleries. His combined annual sales in rare coins and precious metals — between Mid-American in Kentucky and Sarasota Rare Coin Galleries in Florida — total more than $25 million.
Jeff Garrett has authored many of today’s most popular numismatic books, including Encyclopedia of U.S. Gold Coins 1795–1933: Circulating, Proof, Commemorative, and Pattern Issues; 100 Greatest U.S. Coins; and United States Coinage: A Study By Type. He is also the price editor for The Official Redbook: A Guide Book of United States Coins.
Jeff was also one of the original coin graders for the Professional Coin Grading Service (PCGS). He is today considered one of the country’s best coin graders and was the winner of the 2005 PCGS World Series of Grading. Today, he serves as a consultant to Numismatic Guaranty Corporation (NGC), the world’s largest coin grading company.
Jeff plays an important role at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Numismatic Department and serves as consultant to the museum on funding, exhibits, conservation and research. Thanks to the efforts of Jeff and many others, rare U.S. coins are once again on exhibit at the Smithsonian Institution’s Museum of American History. We urge everyone who visits Washington, D.C., to view this fabulous display.
Jeff has been a member of the prestigious Professional Numismatic Guild (PNG) since 1982 and has recently served as president of the organization. In 2009 and 2011, Jeff ran successfully for a seat on the Board of Governors for the American Numismatic Association (ANA), the leading numismatic club in the world. and he is currently the ANA President.