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Classic U.S. Coins – When Did Type One Double Eagles Become Popular?

By Doug WinterRareGoldCoins.com ……

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Type One Liberty Head double eagles, struck from 1850 through 1866, are today one of the most popular gold coins from the standpoint of date collecting. Despite the presence of numerous mid-to-high five-figure and even a few six-figure issues, many serious date collectors of these coins are active in the 2020 coin market.

Yet this series was not always popular.

There were a few specialized collectors who were ahead of the curve in the post-World War II era, but in looking through auction catalogs from this time, we find very few Type One specialists. Collectors who had wide-ranging collections of US gold coins–such as the Norwebs, James Stack, and Louis Eliasberg–had comprehensive sets of Liberty Head double eagles but none of them could be called specialists.

It really took a series of three events that occurred from 1999 to 2001 for the groundwork to be set for wide-ranging specialization in Type One Liberty Head double eagles.

1865-S $20.00 PCGS MS64 CAC, EX SS Brother Jonathan. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics - Type I Double Eagle.

1865-S $20.00 PCGS MS64 CAC, EX SS Brother Jonathan. Images courtesy Douglas Winter Numismatics (DWN)

The first occurred in 1999 when the shipwreck of SS Brother Jonathan entered the market via an auction conducted by Bowers and Merena. Brother Jonathan was a paddle steamer carrying a sizable number of newly-struck San Francisco double eagles (and other types) that sank on July 30, 1865, off the coast of Crescent City, California.

The primary cargo was a group of over 1,000 high-quality double eagles dated 1865-S. This date had formerly been regarded as rare to very rare in Uncirculated, but collectors were now afforded the opportunity to acquire individual coins ranging in grade from MS60 to MS66 with the majority graded MS63 and MS64 by PCGS. These coins represented exceptional quality for a San Francisco double eagle of this type, and the sale ignited a considerable amount of interest.

1853 $20.00 PCGS MS62, EX BASS COLLECTION. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics - Type I Double Eagle

1853 $20.00 PCGS MS62, EX Bass Collection

The second event was the three sessions of the Harry Bass Collection conducted by Bowers and Merena in 2000 and 2001 (the first Bass sale, conducted in 1999, was of less interest to dated gold collectors).

Harry Bass, a Dallas collector, assembled an extremely comprehensive set of United States gold coins. Bass was fascinated by die varieties, having a number of coins for many issues. His set of Liberty Head double eagles was complete and it contained high-quality coins; often with nice duplicates.

1857-S $20.00 PCGS MS65 CAC, EX SS Central America. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics - Type I Double Eagle

1857-S $20.00 PCGS MS65 CAC, EX SS Central America

The third–and most significant–event was the discovery and eventual sale of the coins located as part of the shipwreck of SS Central America. These coins began slowly entering the market in 2000, but by 2001-2002 there were thousands of coins available to collectors.

The Liberty Head double eagle that was most prevalent in this shipwreck was the 1857-S. This date was formerly very scarce in Uncirculated but thousands of examples came onto the market in grades as high as MS67. The coins from this wreck were extremely well-preserved and were expertly conserved prior to being graded by PCGS. All of a sudden, collectors who would never have been able to own a Gem Type One were now able to buy superb pieces at affordable price levels.

The marketing for this group of double eagles (as well as a large number of massive ingots and gold bars) was masterful and hundreds of serious collectors were created. The prevailing thought was that if someone entered the market as an investor and bought a nice 1857-S double eagle from the shipwreck, by providing him with massive amounts of research and history it would be possible to create many new collectors whose interest would extend to other dates from the wreck (1855-S and 1856-S) and then onto various other issues.

This strategy worked very well. Two firms–Blanchard & Company from New Orleans and Monaco Rare Coins from southern California–created hundreds of serious collectors due to their superb marketing that tapped into markets previously unexposed to rare gold coins.

One other important factor was the continued importation of Type One (as well as Type Two and Type Three) double eagles from overseas sources. Thousands of coins were repatriated during the 1990s and early 2000s, and this included rare dates from New Orleans as well as formerly scarce issues from Philadelphia and San Francisco.

1857-S $20 Double Eagle, SS Central America gold foil PCGS label. Image courtesy Doug Winter NumismaticsPrior to 2000, the supply of high-quality Type One double eagles was so limited that, had there been an uptick in demand, not enough coins would have been available to satisfy new collectors. But you had a perfect storm of increased supply coupled with increased demand not to mention a rise in gold prices and considerable mainstream interest in gold as an inflation hedge among hard money advocates.

If I had to pick a single event as the impetus for the surge in interest for these coins, I would go with the discovery of the SS Central America shipwreck. I vividly remember the massive amount of interest these coins generated among collectors and non-collectors alike.

In 2020, Type One Liberty Head double eagles are one of the most popular issues in the rare-date-gold sector of the coin market. Their popularity has ebbed since 2016 primarily due to prices forcing middle-market collectors into smaller denomination gold series but also because the primary marketing firms that created so many new collectors have moved on to other areas in the market.

If I had to predict the long-range future of Type One double eagles, I would say it looks very rosy given the storied history behind these coins, their massive size and gold content, and their currently favorable price levels.
Would you like to collect Type One Liberty Head double eagles? Douglas Winter Numismatics specializes in these coins and we would be happy to help you build an impressive set. Please contact Doug Winter via email ([email protected]) or by phone (214-675-9897) for more information.

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About Doug Winter

Doug_Winter2Doug has spent much of his life in the field of numismatics; beginning collecting coins at the age of seven, and by the time he was 10 years old, buying and selling coins at conventions in the New York City area.

In 1989, he founded Douglas Winter Numismatics, and his firm specializes in buying and selling choice and rare US Gold coins, especially US gold coins and all branch mint material.

Recognized as one of the leading specialized numismatic firms, Doug is an award-winning author of over a dozen numismatic books and the recognized expert on US Gold. His knowledge and an exceptional eye for properly graded and original coins have made him one of the most respected figures in the numismatic community and a sought after dealer by collectors and investors looking for professional personalized service, a select inventory of impeccable quality and fair and honest pricing. Doug is also a major buyer of all US coins and is always looking to purchase collections both large and small. He can be reached at (214) 675-9897.

Doug has been a contributor to the Guidebook of United States Coins (also known as the “Redbook”) since 1983, Walter Breen’s Encyclopedia of United States and Colonial Coins, Q. David Bowers’ Encyclopedia of United States Silver Dollars and Andrew Pollock’s United States Pattern and Related Issues

In addition, he has authored 13 books on US Gold coins including:
  • Gold Coins of the New Orleans Mint: 1839-1909
  • Gold Coins of the Carson City Mint: 1870 – 1893
  • Gold Coins of the Charlotte Mint: 1838-1861
  • Gold Coins of the Dahlonega Mint 1838-1861
  • The United States $3 Gold Pieces 1854-1889
  • Carson City Gold Coinage 1870-1893: A Rarity and Condition Census Update
  • An Insider’s Guide to Collecting Type One Double Eagles
  • The Connoisseur’s Guide to United States Gold Coins
  • A Collector’s Guide To Indian Head Quarter Eagles
  • The Acadiana Collection of New Orleans Coinage
  • Type Three Double Eagles, 1877-1907: A Numismatic History and Analysis
  • Gold Coins of the Dahlonega Mint, 1838-1861: A Numismatic History and Analysis
  • Type Two Double Eagles, 1866-1876: A Numismatic History and Analysis

Finally, Doug is a member of virtually every major numismatic organization, professional trade group and major coin association in the US.


Doug Winter
Doug Winterhttps://www.raregoldcoins.com
Doug Winter founded Douglas Winter Numismatics (DWN) in 1985. The nationally renowned firm specializes in buying and selling rare United States gold coins. He has written over a dozen books, including the standard references on Charlotte, Dahlonega, and New Orleans gold coinage, and Type 1 Liberty Head Double Eagles. Douglas has also contributed to the A Guidebook of United States Coins, Walter Breen’s Encyclopedia of United States and Colonial Coins, Q. David Bowers’ Encyclopedia of United States Silver Dollars, and Andrew Pollock’s United States Pattern and Related Issues. He is a member of the PNG, the ANA, the ANS, the NLG, CAC, PCGS, and NGC - among other professional affiliations. Contact Doug Winter at [email protected].

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