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Gold Coin Rarity: What We Can Learn From the Hansen Collection

By Doug WinterRareGoldCoins.com ……

CoinWeek Content Partner ……

Part One: Gold Dollars Through Three Dollar Gold

The once-in-a-generation collection of U.S. coins being assembled by Dell Loy Hansen and David Lawrence Rare Coins gives numismatists an unusual opportunity to determine the condition rarity of many issues.

Assuming that Mr. Hansen is placing an equal emphasis on many if not all series of United States coinage, studying the grade of his current #1 coin(s) helps us to make important observations about rarity; namely, that if a specific coin in the Hansen Collection is low grade, then it is very likely a condition rarity.

Of course, there are exceptions to the rule. Through sheer happenstance, a common issue might be overlooked and a coin that Hansen owns in, say, EF45 might have been available in AU55 a number of times during Hansen’s buying phase. With a collection as vast as this (it includes all regular-issue U.S. coins from 1793 to date), it is certain that a small but significant number of issues get overlooked. And there are certain series that Hansen had the good fortune of buying an all-time great set of (Liberty Head double eagles comes to mind), which enabled him to add great coins to his collection that he otherwise wouldn’t have had access to.

Let’s take a look at each denomination of U.S. gold and determine which coins in the Hansen Collection are the lowest graded or even missing as of the date this article is being written (late March 2019). I’ll add some personal insight into each coin. Please note that this article is focused on Liberty Head gold. If enough people show interest, I will expand this to include early gold and 20th-century issues. Also, I have skipped Proofs as this area is a more recent target of Hansen’s and there are a number of holes still that are likely to be filled in the coming years.

I. Gold Dollars

There are a total of 76 issues in the PCGS One Dollar Gold Basic Set, Circulation Strikes (1849-1889). The Hansen Collection contains all of these, with 10 coins graded below MS60. Seven of those 10 coins grade AU58; three are graded AU53.

1855-D $1.00 IN PCGS AU53 CAC. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics

1855-D $1.00 PCGS AU53 CAC, sold by Douglas Winter Numismatics (DWN) in 2014. Images courtesy DWN

The two lowest-grade gold dollars in Hansen’s set are the 1855-D and the 1856-D, both of which are AU53. The 1855-D is the single-rarest issue in the set in higher grades but there have been a number of examples graded higher than AU53 offered for sale since Hansen entered the coin market. The same holds true for the 1856-D, which is more available than the 1855-D. In fact, PCGS has graded 38 finer than AU53 including seven in Uncirculated.

The next-lowest-graded is the 1857-C, which is an AU55. PCGS has graded 14 higher than this, and it would be reasonably easy to upgrade to an AU58 but fairly difficult to locate an Uncirculated example; PCGS has graded just four with the best a solitary MS62.

1857-D $1.00 PCGS MS61 CAC. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics

1857-D $1.00 PCGS MS61 CAC, sold by DWN in 2016

Three dates in the collection graded AU58 are from Dahlonega (1852-D, 1857-D, and 1858-D) and all have reasonably healthy populations in higher grades (17, 14, and 28, respectively).

My conclusion is that Mr. Hansen has not been focused on gold dollars, although he owns an impressive array of MS67 through MS69 common dates from the Philadelphia Mint. I am guessing that he hasn’t been offered any interesting sets of PCGS-graded Dahlonega gold dollars, and that most of the interesting high(er)-graded Dahlonega gold dollars that exist haven’t been offered for sale since the collection was initiated.

One quick observation about Dahlonega gold coins, in general, is that the Hansen Collection is somewhat weak when it comes to these. The reasons for this are twofold. First, the Dahlonega market is very collector-oriented, and many of the top quality D-mint coins either trade among high-level collectors or are sold by dealers who may not do much business with Hansen. Second, in the three+ years during which Hansen has been most active, not many great Dahlonega coins have been available.

II. Quarter Eagles

There are no fewer than 136 different issues that make up the Liberty Head Quarter Eagle Gold Basic Set, Circulation Strikes (1840-1907). The Hansen Collection is complete except for two issues, with numerous issues grading below MS60.

1854-D $2.50 PCGS EF40 CAC. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics

1854-D $2.50 PCGS EF40 CAC, sold by DWN in 2017

The two issues missing from the set are the 1840-D and the 1854-D.

The former is not a total surprise as it is among the rarest quarter eagles from this mint. Since Hansen has been active, not a single nice PCGS-graded 1840-D has appeared for sale at auction.

The 1854-D is a bit more of a surprise as it is actually more available than the 1855-D and the 1856-D; two issues that I have sold to Hansen. It is interesting to note that, as with the gold dollars above, Dahlonega issues represent a weakness in this otherwise very strong collection.

The next lowest graded quarter eagles are as follows:

  • 1864: No Grade (cleaned)
  • 1841-D: VF35
  • 1854-S: VF35
  • 1863-S: EF45
  • 1844-D: AU50
  • 1845-O: AU50
  • 1856-D: AU53

Nine coins in the collection grade AU55.

1864 $2.50 PCGS EF45 CAC. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics

1864 $2.50 PCGS EF45 CAC, sold by DWN in 2017

The 1864 is a very rare issue but I am surprised that the current example in the collection is a polished No Grade. There was a PCGS AU58 that sold for $79,313 USD at the Heritage 2017 ANA auction: lot 4092, which would have been the perfect coin for Hansen. I’m surprised that it slipped through his hands but I would imagine numerous big-ticket items were on his radar at the 2017 ANA show.

The 1841-D is a very scarce date but there apparently hasn’t been a nicer one available for the collection (although I’ve offered at least two finer examples on my site since 2017). The 1854-S seems low grade to the casual observer, but this is actually among the finest known for this rarity and is a terrific coin.

The 1863-S is fairly scarce but I’d expect a better coin in the collection than an EF45. But since the beginning of 2016, the only PCGS-graded examples available have either been low grades or no grades, meaning that this issue needs to be upgraded.

1844-D $2.50 PCGS AU58 CAC. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics

1844-D $2.50 PCGS AU58 CAC, sold by DWN in 2015

The relatively low-grade AU50 1844-D is happenstance; an issue that has fallen through the cracks as better ones are available with some regularity. In Mr. Hansen’s defense, with thousands of issues to monitor, even if a small percentage passes him by, we are still talking about dozens of coins (if not more) that could seemingly be improved.

1845-O $2.50 PCGS MS61 CAC. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics

1845-O $2.50 PCGS MS61 CAC, sold by DWN in 2018

The 1845-O presents an interesting question: namely, why is this coin just an AU50? According to my records, I’ve sold no less than six of these in AU55 or higher since 2016, including a PCGS MS61. This is an important issue (it’s the rarest New Orleans quarter eagle), so I expect Mr. Hansen will upgrade it at some point in the future.

Overall, the Hansen Liberty Head quarter eagle collection is impressive with a number of excellent coins, but I wouldn’t consider this to be one of his strengths.

III. Three Dollar Gold

The $3 Gold No 1870-S Basic Set, Circulation Strikes (1854-1889) consists of 40 different coins. The Hansen Collection is complete and every coin grades at least MS61; only five grade lower than MS64.

The most impressive sub-sets in the Hansen Collection are areas in which his interest and availability have intersected. In conversations with Mr. Hansen, I became aware of his keen interest in the Three Dollar series. If you couple this with the availability of important high-grade coins as the result of the sale of the Great Lakes/Pogue set in February 2016, you have the impetus for the formation of likely the second-finest set of business strike Threes ever assembled.

Note: had Hansen been active by early 2016, and had he been as interested in Threes as he had become by early 2017, I don’t doubt that he would have purchased most of the Pogue Threes directly from the auction.

To no one’s surprise the lowest-graded coins in the set are as follows:

  • 1854-D: MS61
  • 1854-O: MS61
  • 1860-S: MS62
  • 1855-S: MS62+
  • 1856-S: MS63

1860-S $3.00 PCGS MS62. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics

1860-S $3.00 PCGS MS62, sold by DWN in 2012

Not including the unique 1870-S, there are six mintmarked Threes in this set and all are rare to very rare in Uncirculated. Virtually every example is solidly in the Condition Census and there is little Hansen can do to improve this quintet. Sure, he can upgrade the 1856-S from MS63 to MS64, but is this really a sensible way to spend money? Probably not, unless a newly-discovered coin comes to market that is clearly the finest known for this date – or for any of the other four listed above.

In studying the Hansen set of Three Dollar gold, I see literally just one date that should be upgraded: the MS64 1863. There are some really nice examples of this date known, including the Akers MS67 and the Pogue/Jung MS68.

1856-S $3.00 PCGS MS64. Images courtesy Doug Winter Numismatics

1856-S $3.00 PCGS MS64, sold by DWN in 2018

Overall, the Hansen set of business strike Three Dollar gold is extremely impressive and it certainly ranks as a highlight of his total collection.

Coming in Part Two: I examine the Liberty Head half eagles, eagles and double eagles in the Hansen Collection and try to make sense of what we can learn about condition rarity from the coins in this incredible set of US coinage. Your comments are always welcome!

Doug Winter Numismatics, specialists in U.S. gold coins

* * *

About Doug Winter

Doug_Winter2Doug has spent much of his life in the field of numismatics; beginning collecting coins at the age of seven, and by the time he was 10 years old, buying and selling coins at conventions in the New York City area.

In 1989, he founded Douglas Winter Numismatics, and his firm specializes in buying and selling choice and rare United States coins, especially US gold coins and all branch mint material.

Recognized as one of the leading specialized numismatic firms, Doug is an award-winning author of over a dozen numismatic books and the recognized expert on US Gold. His knowledge and an exceptional eye for properly graded and original coins has made him one of the most respected figures in the numismatic community and a sought after dealer by collectors and investors looking for professional personalized service, a select inventory of impeccable quality and fair and honest pricing. Doug is also a major buyer of all US coins and is always looking to purchase collections both large and small. He can be reached at (214) 675-9897.

Doug has been a contributor to the Guidebook of United States Coins (also known as the “Redbook”) since 1983, Walter Breen’s Encyclopedia of United States and Colonial Coins, Q. David Bowers’ Encyclopedia of United States Silver Dollars and Andrew Pollock’s United States Pattern and Related Issues

In addition, he has authored 13 books on US Gold coins including:
  • Gold Coins of the New Orleans Mint: 1839-1909
  • Gold Coins of the Carson City Mint: 1870 – 1893
  • Gold Coins of the Charlotte Mint: 1838-1861
  • Gold Coins of the Dahlonega Mint 1838-1861
  • The United States $3 Gold Pieces 1854-1889
  • Carson City Gold Coinage 1870-1893: A Rarity and Condition Census Update
  • An Insider’s Guide to Collecting Type One Double Eagles
  • The Connoisseur’s Guide to United States Gold Coins
  • A Collector’s Guide To Indian Head Quarter Eagles
  • The Acadiana Collection of New Orleans Coinage
  • Type Three Double Eagles, 1877-1907: A Numismatic History and Analysis
  • Gold Coins of the Dahlonega Mint, 1838-1861: A Numismatic History and Analysis
  • Type Two Double Eagles, 1866-1876: A Numismatic History and Analysis

Finally, Doug is a member of virtually every major numismatic organization, professional trade group and major coin association in the US.


Doug Winter
Doug Winterhttps://www.raregoldcoins.com
Doug Winter founded Douglas Winter Numismatics (DWN) in 1985. The nationally renowned firm specializes in buying and selling rare United States gold coins. He has written over a dozen books, including the standard references on Charlotte, Dahlonega, and New Orleans gold coinage, and Type 1 Liberty Head Double Eagles. Douglas has also contributed to the A Guidebook of United States Coins, Walter Breen’s Encyclopedia of United States and Colonial Coins, Q. David Bowers’ Encyclopedia of United States Silver Dollars, and Andrew Pollock’s United States Pattern and Related Issues. He is a member of the PNG, the ANA, the ANS, the NLG, CAC, PCGS, and NGC - among other professional affiliations. Contact Doug Winter at [email protected].

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