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The Real Diehl: Three Gold Myths that Confuse Buyers

The Real Diehl is a weekly column by former United States Mint Director Philip N. Diehl, exclusively for CoinWeek ………..

Don’t fall victim to the following three gold myths….

I recently ran across an article entitled “The 12 Biggest Mistakes the Media Make When Covering Gold“, by Gary Alexander. It’s a good article for potential gold buyers because it debunks many of the myths that lead investors and their financial advisors to exclude gold from their portfolios.

For the most part, Alexander’s assessment is solid. His point of departure is a column in the New York Times entitled “Lust for Gold”  by the Noble laureate Paul Krugman. I think very highly of Professor Krugman, which makes me an outlier in the gold community but, like Alexander, I think he’s wrong about gold.

The media myths that Alexander identifies are important because they mislead many mainstream investors about the merits of holding gold. I’m going to address these myths in a series of articles, add my own perspective, and explain where Alexander sometimes misses the mark.

Myth #1: Gold is not a safe investment.

When gold critics are spinning this myth, you can count on them to whip out a graph showing the decline in gold prices between 1980 and 2000. Yes, gold fared poorly in these years with prices falling by 69%. But where are their charts showing gold rising by 560% between 1975 and 1980, and 618% between 2000 and 2011?


From $834 at the start of the 1980s to $417.70 in 1996…

You won’t see these graphs because they demonstrate a truth inconvenient for gold’s critics: like all other asset classes, gold performs well in some periods and poorly in others. You can arbitrarily choose any period of time and make any investment looked excellent or terrible, as you wish. Gold critics like Krugman fail to make an honest case against gold by being selective in choosing their dates in order to dismiss gold as a poor investment.


… peaking at $1900.40 in 2012. Today at $1245.


Here’s another crucial point that Krugman and other gold-skeptics overlook: the performance of any asset cannot be rightly assessed without understanding its role in an investor’s portfolio. As I’ve said in previous articles, I believe the proper role for gold in a portfolio is as wealth insurance. Gold protects your wealth in periods of economic and political turmoil, when the value of other assets is crashing—like in 2008 and 2009.

When you understand gold as insurance, the fact that it sometimes underperforms other assets is irrelevant. Gold’s core value proposition is protection, not appreciation. But unlike other forms of insurance, gold never loses its entire value. When you decide to cash it in, you know it will have held a significant portion of what you paid for it, unlike other forms of insurance such as term life, auto, or home insurance.

And gold is insurance with a bonus. Your term life, auto, and home insurance will never increase in value. Gold, on the other hand, has a 40-year track record over most of which it has held its value or appreciated.


Myth #2: U.S. gold investors are “bugs”

Krugman laments the “recent rise in goldbuggism” in his NYT article. He has a point.

But most gold investors buy gold for wealth protection or appreciation potential, without buying into the political baggage associated with gold bugs [link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gold_bug].

However, in recent years the media’s focus has been on the political aspects of gold: demands for a return to the gold standard and the imminent threat of hyperinflation and government bankruptcy. The heated political rhetoric around gold distracts and confuses many potential gold buyers.

goldbug1I think the politics of gold also accounts for why some economists, like Krugman, have a blind spot for the metal. Many of them are Keynesian economists of one flavor or another. John Maynard Keynes was one of the most influential economists of the 20th century and is said to have dismissed gold as “a barbarous relic.” (Actually, Keynes said the gold standard, not gold, was a barbarous relic.)

Typically, these economists, liberals for the most part, believe the gold standard limited economic growth and contributed to the Great Depression. In short, they think conservative economists and politicians who advocate going back on the gold standard as, well, Neanderthals. On the other hand, those who favor the gold standard believe the excesses of Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal and Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society are made possible by Keynesian deficit spending. This conflict lies at the heart of our bitterly divided politics, today.

Gold, itself—the physical metal—is caught in the crossfire. All this controversy tarnishes gold as an investment alternative for many mainstream investors. Political liberals, in particular, confuse the merits of investing in gold with their fierce opposition to a return to the gold standard.

For most of us, the reason to include gold in our portfolios has nothing to do with this fight. It simply comes down to holding gold as wealth insurance, a role gold has played for thousands of years. The “barbarous relics” are war, political upheaval, and economic catastrophe, not gold. Gold is our protection against the personal financial harm that comes with these hard times.


Myth #3: Gold has no intrinsic value

usdollarIf you look up “intrinsic”  in Merriam-Webster you’ll see there’s nothing to this myth. If gold has no intrinsic value, the paper currency and base-metal coins that make commerce possible certainly don’t. What about the quadrillions of electrons coursing through the world’s economy every day enabling trillions of dollars of commerce? Do electrons have intrinsic value? If so, it’s negative.

What makes commerce possible is trust and confidence. Today, the dollar is the most trusted currency in the world. It is trusted because people around the globe have confidence in the strength of the U.S. economy and our commitment to back the dollar with our national wealth. Two hundred years ago, no one trusted the dollar. That’s a primary reason we have a Constitution, today, and a powerful Treasury Department.

So, the intrinsic value of the dollar is a very recent development in history. Gold, on the other hand, has inspired the trust and confidence of people, cultures, and governments for thousands of years. In the end, intrinsic value, like beauty, is in the eye of the beholder, and gold has stood the test of time like no other asset or currency.

I will address other media myths about gold and what they mean for mainstream investors in future posts.



diehlphoto The Real Diehl: Gold and Another Stock Market BubblePhilip N. Diehl was the 35th Director of the United States Mint and a former chief of staff of the U.S. Treasury. He has written about gold markets for The Wall Street Journal and Institutional Investor and currently serves on the boards of the Industry Council for Tangible Assets, the Coalition for Equitable Regulation and Taxation, and the Gold and Silver PAC. He was recently named president of U.S. Money Reserve.  Be sure to check out Philip’s blog.



Philip N. Diehl
Philip N. Diehl
Philip N. Diehl was the 35th Director of the United States Mint and a former Chief of Staff of the U.S. Treasury Department. He has written about gold markets for The Wall Street Journal and Institutional Investor and served on the boards of the Industry Council for Tangible Assets (ICTA), the Coalition for Equitable Regulation and Taxation, and the Gold and Silver PAC.

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  1. Mr. Diehl, I understand you are partial to gold as an investment because you were a former Mint official. I have no dog in this hunt. I am a financial professional (CFA & CFP) and also have gold bullion and numismatic coins. I encourage ALL investors to have a few coins and if they can afford it to buy bullion (or their favorite numismatics, so long as they know WHAT they are buying) on a periodic basis.

    HOWEVER….gold is not properly called an ‘investment’ but a SPECULATION. It does not pay interest and capital growth can be impeded by numerous forces: rising interest rates, inflation, central bank sales, mine openings, etc.

    Only someone with great wealthy or outside business/real estate investments to fall back on should have more than 5-10% of their investment portfolio in gold. And with interest rates so low already, I am not sure that many people can afford to actively put 10% of their assets into a non-interest paying asset class.

    If you like what you are buying and like looking at it and want to give it to your children or grandchildren, fine. But don’t count on dividends or capital gains with gold.


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